The term spirituality refers to a sense of purpose, a sense of ‘connectedness’ – to self, others, nature or ‘God’. It is used to describe a quest for wholeness, for hope or harmony, a belief in a higher being or beings, some level of transcendence, or the sense that there is more to life than the material or practical, and those activities that give meaning and value to people’s lives. Thus, spirituality fulfills the needs of the person associated with the meaning of life, illness, crisis, and death. It gives the person a sense of security and leads the person to their daily routine. It provides psychological and social support, especially in homogeneous populations. It is a resource to raise strength and support in order the individual to meet life’s demands and crises
Spiritual health care is an aspect of health care that focuses on addressing spiritual and religious needs that arise in response to an illness or injury. The following are examples of some of the many forms of spiritual crises that a patient and their family may suffer: A crisis of losing trust, a crisis of losing hope, a crisis of fear or anxiety, a crisis of anger or resentment, a crisis of grief or sadness, a crisis of loneliness, a crisis of guilt or shame. The spiritual care practitioner is especially interested in how such experiences relate to the person’s thoughts and feelings about their faith. Because spirituality relates to questions of transcendence and matters of ultimate concern, it involves the language of head and heart, thought, and emotion.
The goal of the spiritual care provider is to assist patients to connect with The Almighty or their higher power in the midst of the crisis that they are experiencing as a result of their illness